The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals. • Duties of Editors Publication decision Fair play Confidentiality Disclosure and Conflicts of interest Involvement and cooperation in investigations • Duties of Reviewers Contribution to Editorial Decision Promptness Confidentiality Standards of Objectivity Acknowledgement of Source Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest • Duties of Authors Reporting standards Data Access and Retention Originality and Plagiarism Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication Acknowledgement of Sources Authorship of the Paper Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest Fundamental errors in published works • Duties of the Publisher We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, we’ill assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful to editors. Finally, we are working closely with other publishers and industry associations to set standards for best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions--and are prepared to provide specialized legal review and counsel if necessary. • Plagiarism Detection The peer review process is at the heart of the success of scientific publishing. As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer review process, we have an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism. • Conflict of interest All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.